Islam and the holy city of mecca

Allah has made Mecca a haram soil since the creation of the heavens and the earth. Allah also named the city as Umm Al-Qura or mother of the other cities. Allah even swears in the name of Mecca are the evidences that God had sworn glorify this town with it. Then why and what makes the city of Mecca in the holy city?

Islam and the holy city of mecca

Mecca, as seen from Jabal al-NourOttoman Turkish map of Al-Haram Mosqueand related religious sites, such as Jabal al-Nour The early history of Mecca is still largely disputed, as there are no unambiguous references to it in ancient literature prior to the rise of Islam.

Even though detailed descriptions were established of Western Arabia by Rome, such as by Procopiusthere are no references of a pilgrimage and trading outpost such as Mecca.

However, the geographic location Diodorus describes is located in northwest Arabia, around the area of Leuke Komecloser to Petra and within the former Nabataean Kingdom and Rome's Arabia Petraea. There has been speculation since that this is could be a reference to Mecca, but there is no compelling explanation to link the two names.

The Old Testament chapter Psalm Mecca's most important pagan deity was Hubalwhich had been placed there by the ruling Quraysh tribe [43] [44] and remained until the 7th century. In the 6th century they joined the lucrative spice tradesince battles elsewhere were diverting trade routes from dangerous sea routes to more secure overland routes.

The Byzantine Empire had previously controlled the Red Seabut piracy had been increasing. Another previous route that ran through the Persian Gulf via the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was also being threatened by exploitations from the Sassanid Empireand was being disrupted by the Lakhmidsthe Ghassanidsand the Roman—Persian Wars.

Mecca's prominence as a trading center also surpassed the cities of Petra and Palmyra. The tribes of southern Arabia asked the Persian king Khosrau I for aid, in response to which he came south to Arabia with foot-soldiers and a fleet of ships into Mecca.

The Persian intervention prevented Christianity from spreading eastward into Arabia, and Mecca and the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who was at the time six years old in the Quraysh tribe, "would not grow up under the cross.

Although the area around Mecca was completely barren, it was the wealthiest of the three settlements with abundant water via the renowned Zamzam Well and a position at the crossroads of major caravan routes. Up to the 7th century, this journey was intended for religious reasons by the pagan Arabs to pay homage to their shrine, and to drink from the Zamzam Well.

However, it was also the time each year that disputes would be arbitrated, debts would be resolved, and trading would occur at Meccan fairs. These annual events gave the tribes a sense of common identity and made Mecca an important focus for the peninsula.

According to Islamic tradition, it was in this year that Muhammad was born. According to early Islamic historians such as Ibn IshaqAbrahathe Christian ruler of Yemenwhich was subject to the Kingdom of Aksum of Ethiopiabuilt a great church at Sana'a known as al-Qullays in honor of the Aksumite king Negus.

It gained widespread fame, even gaining the notice of the Byzantine Empire.

Islam and the holy city of mecca

His brother Qays who was with him fled to Abraha and told him the news, which increased his rage and fury and he swore to raid the Kinana tribe and destroy the temple. Ibn Ishaq further states that one of the men of the Quraysh tribe was angered by this, and going to Sana'a, slipped into the church at night and defiled it; it is widely assumed that they did so by defecating in it.

Abraha [54] [55] marched upon the Kaaba with a large army, which included one or more war elephantsintending to demolish it. A man from the Himyarite Kingdom was sent by Abraha to advise them that Abraha only wished to demolish the Kaaba and if they resisted, they would be crushed. Abdul Muttalib told the Meccans to seek refuge in the hills while he with some leading members of the Quraysh remained within the precincts of the Kaaba.

Abraha sent a dispatch inviting Abdul-Muttalib to meet with Abraha and discuss matters. When Abdul-Muttalib left the meeting he was heard saying, "The Owner of this House is its Defender, and I am sure he will save it from the attack of the adversaries and will not dishonor the servants of His House.

However, the lead elephant, known as Mahmud, [56] is said to have stopped at the boundary around Mecca and refused to enter. It has been theorized that an epidemic such as by smallpox could have caused such a failed invasion of Mecca.

According to the Surah of Al-Filthe next day, [as Abraha prepared to enter the city], a dark cloud of small birds sent by Allah appeared. The birds carried small rocks in their beaks, and bombarded the Ethiopian forces and smashed them like "eaten straw".

Alliances were struck between the merchants in Mecca and the local nomadic tribes, who would bring goods — leather, livestock, and metals mined in the local mountains — to Mecca to be loaded on the caravans and carried to cities in Shaam and Iraq."From whencesoever you start forth, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; that is indeed the truth from your Lord.

" {1} The most sacred place in Islam is the Ka'ba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The Significance of Mecca. Mecca is the original English translation of the Arabic.

Historically, the city has also been called Becca. In the s, the Saudi Arabian government, and others, began promoting the spelling Makkah (in full form, Makkah al-Mukarramah), which more closely resembles the actual Arabic pronunciation.

Muslims face Mecca during their daily prayers and one of the key tenets of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a Muslim's life (known as Hajj).

Approximately two million Muslims arrive in Mecca during the last month of the Islamic calendar for the Hajj. Holy city is a term applied to many cities, all of them central to the history or faith of specific religions.

Such cities may also contain at least one headquarters complex (often containing a religious edifice, seminary, shrine, residence of the leading cleric of the religion and/or chambers of the religious leadership's offices) which constitutes a major destination of human traffic, or.

Great Mosque of Mecca, Arabic al-Masjid al-Ḥarām, also called Holy Mosque or Haram Mosque, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Kaʿbah, the holiest shrine in one of the destinations of the hajj and ʿumrah pilgrimages, it receives millions of worshippers each year.

Islam and the holy city of mecca

The oldest parts of the modern structure date to the 16th century. Mecca (/ ˈ m ɛ k ə /; Arabic: مكة ‎ Makkah (Hejazi pronunciation:) is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region.

The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of m ( ft) above sea level, and kilometres (

Mecca Saudi Arabia Or Makkah Holy City Of Islam - GOSTRA