Educators and psychologists have researched study methods for years. Some of the best studies come from the top universities: Stanford, Indiana, and Chicago where precise experiments with student groups have shed light on the most effective study methods.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Motivation is the impulse that an individual has in a job or activity to reaching an end goal.
There are multiple theories of how best to motive workers, but all agree that a well-motivated work force means a more productive work force. Taylorism[ edit ] Fredrick Winslow Taylor was one of the first theorist to attempt to understand employee motivation.
His theory of scientific managemen t, also referred to as Taylorism, analyzes the productivity of the workforce.
Taylor's basic theory of motivation, is that workers are motivated by money. He viewed employees not as individuals, but as pieces of a larger workforce; in doing so his theory stresses that giving employee's individual tasks, supplying them with the best tools and paying them based on their productivity was the best way to motive them.
Taylor's theory developed in the late 's and can still be seen today in industrial engineering and manufacturing industries.
Hawthorne effect[ edit ] In the mid 's another theorist, Elton Mayobegan studying the workforce. His study of the Hawthorne Workslead him to his discovery of the Hawthorne effect. The Hawthorne effect is the idea that people change their behavior as a reaction to being observed.
Mayo found that employee's productivity increased when they knew they were being watched. He also found that employees were more motivated when they were allowed to give input on their working conditions and that input was valued.
Mayo's research and motivational theories were the start of the Human Relations school of management. Job design[ edit ] The design of an employee's job can have a significant effect on their job motivation. Job design includes designing jobs that create both a challenging and interesting task for the employee and is effective and efficient for getting the job done.
The goal of this job design approach is to standardize and specialize tasks. The goal of this job design approach is to combine tasks to give the employee a greater variety of work. The goal of this job design approach is to move workers to different tasks periodically.
The key to job design employee motivation, this approach aims to enhance the actual job by building up the employee through motivational factors. A study conducted by Campion and Thayer  used a job design questionnaire to determine how job designs fostering motivation affected employees.
Campion and Thayer  found that jobs with more motivational features have lower effort requirements, a better well-being, and fewer health complaints. The study also found that jobs scoring high on the motivational subscale of the questionnaire contained employees who were more satisfied and motivated, had a higher rating pertaining to job performanceand had fewer absences.Study of employee motivation techniques at MTNL Uploaded by Deepali Kashyap This research was conducted for MTNL, Thane and the subject of the research was ‘To study the employee motivation techniques at MTNL’ The objective was to study the important factors whi 5/5(2).
An amount that has to be paid or given up in order to get something.. In business, cost is usually a monetary valuation of (1) effort, (2) material, (3) resources, (4) time and utilities consumed, (5) risks incurred, and (6) opportunity forgone in production and delivery of a good or service.
All expenses are costs, but not all costs (such as those incurred in . The Value of Employee Training. The 21st-century workplace is a fast-paced environment with new techniques, knowledge, and opportunities appearing and disappearing at the speed of the Internet.
personal wants and needs. In this paper we would like to emphasis on the importance of motivation in the workplace to improve the employee performance and productivity. Even we would like to present the theories and techniques of the motivation in the workplace. KEYWORDS: Employee Motivation, Importance, Performance, Techniques and Theories.
Jun 29, · Provide tuition reimbursement or send employees to skills workshops and seminars. If an employee is motivated to an upward career path, offer mentoring and job shadowing opportunities.
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