Architecture, chapter four, pp.
Comparison of Classical and Middle Ages Architecture Comparison of Classical and Middle Ages Architecture Humans have always needed basic shelter for survival, but the architecture that inspired the structure can be considered art.
This paper will discuss the architecture art style from human history that compares both the Classical and Middle Ages architecture art style. The discussion will involve any social implications that might have influenced the building style and they type of style's that where used during these periods.
The first discussion leads down the road to the classical architecture time period, which dates from BC to around AD. Classical architecture style is mainly derived from the ancient Greeks and Romans.
The Classical architecture style used by the Romans included using arches, improvements in the use of concrete and bricks. Classical Roman architecture employed the dome so they could build large public spaces with vaulted ceilings. One example of the classical use of arches and dome construction is the Pantheon.
Large buildings where needed for public use due the high population of Rome.
Romans wealth allowed gave them resources to build large buildings including bathhouses and aqueducts for their population. The use of architecture to build the aqueducts and sewage systems during this time period allowed Romans access to clean water for bathing, drinking, and waste removal.
Romans used supporting arches in areas to support the aqueducts for water transport. Some residences at the time even had water delivered from those aqueducts. Romans who had more money could build bigger and more elaborate homes.
Romans also used vaults in their building construction. One such type was the groin vault that was used in building the Baths of Caracalla. A groin vault is combining two semicircular barrel vaults of the same diameter that intersect at right angles. To this date, the dome of the Pantheon is one of the world's largest concrete dome that offers no reinforcement Moore, Intersecting arches that run horizontally support Pantheon's dome Moore, The Pantheon was used as a church and also holds several tombs of past kings of Italy.
The use of these arches let the Romans support the large weight requirement for Pantheons dome and other large Classical icon like the Flavian Amphitheatre, better knows as The Colosseum Fletcher, The large structure made use of the arches to support the massive building, which is estimated to have held over 50, people 10 Top Tourist Attractions in Rome,' n.
The Colosseum was used for public gladiator battles, executions, and training. During the Middle ages it was later reused for housing and as a Christian shrine 10 Top Tourist Attractions in Rome,' n.
The Colosseum uses large arches to support multiple levels and the weight of the construction Fletcher, It has four main levels with eighty arches in each level Fletcher, The levels vary in height from thirty four to forty five feet tall.
The arches can be seen all around the Colosseum Fletcher, The arch is a crucial construction item. Each arch has two supports, called the piers. Each pier is topped by a platform called an impost. The arch is then constructed to connect the two imposts. A row of these arches is called an arcade.
The Colosseum is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and is a great example in the use of arches and arcade design 'Roman Colosseum History,' n.
In the ancient Roman era, housing played a large role in social status of the communities. The homeowners would use architecture style, material and construction methods to display their wealth by showcasing their homes.
The wealthy Roman individuals would spend vast amounts of money and resources on major building projects. The Roman Empire was vast and the architecture style was widely used throughout Europe. The second discussion leads to the Middle Ages architecture time period which dates range approximately from the 5h to 15th centuries.
One of the Middle Ages era used a Romanesque style that included either round or slightly pointed arches, cruciform piers, and barrel or supporting vaults Pevsner, The Gothic style of architecture emerged during the later part of the 12th century.
The Gothic style implemented large use of glass, flying buttresses, clustered columns; sharply pointed spires, ribbed stoned walls, and pointed arches Pevsner, Gothic designs let cathedrals of that time grow to taller building heights than ever before.Read and learn for free about the following article: Early Christian art and architecture after Constantine.
The Christian churches needed large interior spaces to house the growing congregations and to mark the clear separation of the faithful from the unfaithful. At the same time, the new Christian churches needed to be visually meaningful. Essay about Evolution and Christianity Words 8 Pages The riddle of the origin of man has been subject to many ponderings and theories for thousands of years.
Good essay on development of Basilica plan - History of Modern Art -The Evolution of Christian ArchitectureCertain aspects of Christian architecture changed quickly anddramatically between the Early Christian and Gothic periods, but the basicbasilica p /5(26).
Religious architecture remained faithful to the early Christian model (churches of basilican type, baptisteries, and vaulted mausoleums with central plans). Because of the development of the cult of saints and the practice of burying ad sanctos, mausoleums became common in churches.
Comparison of Classical and Middle Ages Architecture Humans have always needed basic shelter for survival, but the architecture that inspired the structure can be considered art. This paper will discuss the architecture art style from human history that compares both the .