See Article History Natural resource management, ways in which societies manage the supply of or access to the natural resources upon which they rely for their survival and development. Insofar as human collectives are fundamentally dependent on natural resources, ensuring the ongoing access to or a steady provision of natural resources has always been central to their organization. Historically, that access has been organized through a range of schemes varying in degrees of formality and involvement from the central authorities or state.
Messenger Last week saw national and international media attention on events unfolding in Parliament House. A stellar panel of international experts surveyed the key challenge of how best to feed an extra two or three billion people over coming decades.
We heard from Jonathan Foley that the world probably has enough land, nutrients and water in aggregate. But major distributional and degradation problems need to be fixed if widespread famine and inequity is to be averted.
Recent food price spikes seem likely to recur. Expert consensus is that the era of declining real food prices is over. Changing consumption patterns increasing meat consumption with rising wealth in developing countries is probably a bigger driver of food insecurity than population growth.
Water, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and biodiversity loss are major concerns globally, albeit for different reasons. Life sciences and ICT offer exciting technological components of new solutions according to Frank Rijsberman. But integrative tools will be equally important enablers.
Christine PadochJonathan Foley and Xuemei Bai reminded us that false dichotomies - urban vs rural; organic vs GM; food vs energy; forested vs cleared lands - are not helpful. Landscape transformation around Shenzen, China. There is clearly no risk of Australia running out of food, but neither can we aim to feed the worldor even many of our neighbours.
We too have major food distribution issues and significant diet-driven health problems with obesity and associated chronic illnesses and morbidity. Our agriculture has always been more exposed than most to climate variability, and now to climate change, water scarcity and rising real prices for energy.
We are at the sharp end in managing for climate variability and extreme weather events, and we have long faced more acute water stress than competing food exporting countries.
They are inextricably interconnected. While its high level objectives are sound, the National Food Plan Green Paper underplays the inter-dependencies between climate, food, health, water, energy and land.
Australian agriculture should be a major producer of energy, integrated within farming systems at a paddock and farm scale, and within regional economies at a regional scale. The emphasis should be on renewables, including second-generation biofuels.
Urban food production is a major opportunity to build food literacy in the community. Valerie Hinojosa The urban dimension of food production is critical Cities are great magnets, drawing in people, nutrients, water and energy from their rural hinterlands.
They often use these resources inefficiently, generating significant waste streams. There is a major urban engineering job to re-plumb and re-wire our cities and peri-urban areas to catch waste water and nutrients before they become pollutants, and transform them back into food, water and energy.
Urban and peri-urban food production is a major opportunity to close waste loops. More importantly, it can help us to reconnect urban people with food production — in backyards, neighbourhoods and green belts. This would help in another key long-term objective: If the National Food Plan fails to engage urban dwellers and the health system, a major opportunity to reposition Australian agriculture will have been lost.
Lead internationally, and nationally Australia has much to gain from building on its international reputation for excellence in agricultural research, extension and policy, by being a proactive international player, helping other countries especially our neighbours to feed themselves.
Strategically, we have much to gain by helping countries in the region to lift their own food production sustainably, exporting our know-how and services. We can make a bigger difference to regional food security this way than we can by opening up new food bowls in northern Australia.
But only if we are prepared to reinvest in integrated food, water and energy research, development, extension and education here in Australia. The trend of declining investment must be turned around sharply. The National Food Plan is a great opportunity for the federal government to lead in taking a more integrated approach across these big intersecting issues, play a strategic leadership role as a key investor in agricultural research in the region and beyond, and prepare the country for inevitable challenges ahead.Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands of NSW and the Australian Capital Territory.
Description The community is dominated by moderately tall ( cm) to tall (50 cm-1 m), dense to open tussock grasses with up to 70% of species being forbs.
This strategy focuses only on activities conducted through the Western Australian Natural Resource Management funding Program, with the level, priorities and criteria for funding of the Program determined by the State Government from time to time via normal budget approval processes.
australian natural resources gbp To achieve capital appreciation by active investment in a diverse portfolio of securities, which shall mainly consist of Australian quoted companies involved in the world-wide mining and extraction and / or processing of natural resources, and associated operations.
Australian Curriculum Twinkl provides access to a complete range of teaching, planning and assessment materials aligned to the Australian Curriculum. Explore our Australian resources. Miller E, Buys L, () The impact of social capital on residential water-affecting behaviors in a drought-prone Australian community, Society and Natural Resources p Miller E, Buys L, () Retrofitting commercial office buildings for sustainability: tenants' perspectives, Journal of Property Investment and Finance p Economic strategies for coastal disaster risk-reduction: A case study of Exmouth, Western Australia This thesis is presented for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the School of.